Landlord Chronicles: I'm Not An Awesome Landlord
As of the end of September I co-own a five-unit multifamily property with my husband. We decided rental property investment is going to be our part-time gig.
[caption id="attachment_7027" align="aligncenter" width="300"] We're going to be awesome landlords![/caption]
We've decided to self-manage for these reasons:
It's close--about a half-mile from our house.
We both work less than full-time, so theoretically we have the time to put in. We do have a kid, but she's almost fourteen. After 2:45 p.m. we're busy with homework, activities, and dinner, but during the day she's at school.
I used to be a lawyer, and did a little landlord-tenant law including drafting lease agreements, notices to vacate, evictions, and other stuff.
I also used to be a real estate broker, which means I have met a minimum property management education requirement.
I've been writing about the property management industry and property management issues for almost ten years.
So, we figured we're well-equipped to be awesome landlords. Now that we've owned the rental for six weeks, I'm going to downgrade the "awesome" to "decent" to account for reality. Here are the issues we've had so far:
1. Two days before the inspection and prior to closing, I wrote a post on meth lab rentals, got a little paranoid, ordered a meth test kit, and then was too busy working on a deadline to show up at the inspection to do the actual testing. Then I couldn't figure out an easy way to arrange for the test without insulting my new tenants. Can you imagine if your new landlord wanted to come by to test your counters for methamphetamine residue?
2. Two days after we closed, my husband and I went on a two-week trip to Tuscany. The day we should have been preparing for the trip I had to set up an LLC, get a bank account, get a PO box for rent checks, get a federal ID number, check in with our accountant, draft an LLC operating agreement. I also wrote letters to our tenants introducing ourselves and telling them where and how to pay rent, checked out online rental payment options (and subsequently abandoned the effort, opting to ask tenants first if they'd use such a service), and created Tenant Information Sheets for each of them to fill out and submit with their rent.
3. The trip to Tuscany was awesome.
[caption id="attachment_6999" align="aligncenter" width="300"]
Look! It's the Duomo! This is awesome![/caption]
Transferring electricity, garbage, and other accounts from a significantly different time zone was not awesome. Also not awesome was the email from one of our tenants who was understandably concerned about sending a check to new PO box, written out to a company she didn't know (and of course she couldn't find information on because it was newly-formed!). She wanted to meet us in person because she was concerned about rental fraud. Sort of funny, given my recent post on how to avoid Craigslist rental scams--maybe she read it! What was even less awesome was having to email her back that I couldn't come by and meet her because I was in a foreign country--the classic excuse of many rental scammers.
4. A couple of weeks ago, one of our tenants called my husband (whom I now refer to as "Mr. Roper") to let him know she had no electricity on her second floor. He called the electrician, who fixed it for $40. Nice. Then the electrician told my husband that our smoke detectors weren't in compliance with code. It turns out the electrician was wrong. The smoke detectors are in compliance with code, but they don't meet current recommendations. Not wanting to mess around with fire and tenant safety, Mr. Roper went out right away, bought four ten-year smoke detectors and installed them in the apartment. That night I wrote 24-hour notices to the other tenants that we would be entering their units to install new and additional smoke detectors the next day and congratulated myself for being so on the ball. Then we got busy and didn't deliver the notices. I had to recycle them as the dates were wrong. That was fourteen days ago. Nothing else has been done.
5. For November rent, two checks hadn't been received in our PO box by the afternoon of the 4th. That was ten days ago. We haven't checked since. Maybe today.
6. The prior landlord, who has been great, suggested that I mail recycling guidelines to the tenants because some liberties are being taken with the recycling containers. I haven't done that yet. He's also worried that we haven't put the spigot covers on yet.
Now, I know what needs to be done to be a good landlord. I've been a tenant before, I've been a landlord before, I've been writing about property management for almost a decade, and I've been a landlord-tenant lawyer. However, sitting down and actually doing the work is a lot different from knowing exactly what needs to be done, as the past six weeks have taught me. Things like your kid getting sick, unexpected work deadlines, outpatient surgeries on parents, family trips to cyclocross races, and multiple dentist visits (requiring Ambien) have cropped up. But the problem is, the stuff still needs to get done. So, here's what need to do differently, point by point.
The Meth Issue: I have no reason to believe any of our tenants is doing meth. None of the signs are there. I need to get over that. I think this a bit like when med students think they have the disease they're studying that week.
The Last Minute Closing Before our Trip Issue: This was a time management issue and organization deficiency on my part. If a property management company had been involved we wouldn't have had to worry about setting up the PO box or contacting our new tenants, but I would still have had to form the business and set up the bank account. Besides, it's kind of lame to complain that we didn't have enough time to pack for our awesome Tuscan vacation. Classic first-world problem.
The Transferring Accounts and Vigilant Tenant Issue: Another time management and organization deficiency. As to the tenant issue, I think we should have asked the prior landlord to write a letter to the tenants explaining the upcoming transition when we closed. If we buy another rental, that will be on our list. A property management company would most definitely have been able to help us with the vigilant tenant issue, and quite possibly the accounts transfer issue.
The Smoke Detector and Notice Issue: I just need to do it, so I just emailed Mr. Roper asking when he can install the smoke detectors so I know the dates to put in the notice. A property management company could just take care of things and make that problem disappear, but we're not caving in yet.
Rent Checks. The solution to this one is to set up online rental payments, which I have added to my to-do list. In the short term, this is another "I just need to do it" issue, and I'm going into town to check the PO box in about twenty minutes. [UPDATE: They're all paid up--which is great because if I have trouble drafting 24-hour notices to enter, I can't imagine I'll have much enthusiasm for tracking down rent payments and threatening eviction].
Recycling and Spigot Issues: I'm not going to drive out to the Recycling Center to get forms, but thanks to the Tenant Information Sheets I created and got back last month, I have my tenants' email addresses, so I'll find the information online and forward it to them. The spigot is a maintenance issue and, therefore, not my gig. But I did just nag Mr. Roper about it. A property management company might come in handy here.
Well. Since we're not going to
hire a property management company
(yet), I need to get started on my list.
Besides criticizing me for my time management deficiencies, do you have any other advice?
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